Pantheon Historical & Architectural in Ancient Rome

Pantheon Historical & Architectural in Ancient Rome

The Pantheon is the best-preserved building of Ancient Rome. Built-in 126AD by the emperor Hadrian. it is the only building to survive Ancient Rome that had a dome at the very center of its design. The Pantheon is a temple dedicated to the omnipotent gods, who were worshipped as a divine family. The circular domed building was made almost entirely out of stone with only a few internal supports. This is one of the most important examples of Roman architecture and Roman art.

The History of the Pantheon

The Pantheon is one of the best-preserved monuments of ancient Rome. The structure, completed around 126-128 A.D. During the reign of Emperor Hadrian, is one of the best-preserved of all Ancient Roman buildings, in large part because it has been in continuous use throughout its history: since the 7th century, it has been used as a Christian church. The Pantheon in Rome is a true architectural wonder. Described as the “sphinx of the Campus Martius” referring to enigmas presented by its appearance the Pantheon is a perfect example of Roman engineering and architecture. The Pantheon was built during the reign of Roman emperor Trajan (98-117 CE) but was not completed until c. 125 CE. It is dedicated to Marcus Agrippa because he was the first to build a temple on that site. This is considered a rotunda, a circular drum structure.

The Architecture of the Pantheon

The Pantheon is one of the most impressive historical and architectural sites in Rome. It is a large circular domed cella with a portico attached to it. The interior space is vast and open, with a massive dome in the center. The exterior walls are the same as the interior cell walls, creating a seamless transition between the two spaces.

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The Significance of the Pantheon

The Pantheon in Rome is a true architectural wonder. It is described as the “sphinx of the Campus Martius” referring to enigmas presented by its appearance. As Rome’s grandest and most impressive temple, the Pantheon was originally decorated with statues representing the greatest gods of Roman religion. The purpose of the building is not known for certain but the name, porch, and pediment decoration suggest a temple of some sort. However, no cult is known to have been celebrated there.

The Pantheon is a world-renowned monument located in Rome. This recognizable monument was constructed to be the house of all gods worshiped by the people of Rome. According to Filippo Coarelli, professor of Roman Antiquities at Perugia University, during the Hellenistic period, the name Pantheon had a different meaning. Traditionally, it was believed that the Pantheon was constructed to be a temple to all gods.

The Interior

The Pantheon is a former Roman temple and, since 609 AD, a Catholic church (Basilica di The height of the oculus and the diameter of the interior circle are the same, 43.3 meters (142 ft). The interior of the dome is decorated with five rows of 28 square sunken panels, technically known as coffers, but also called lacunaria. These would originally have had bronze gilded covers.

Pantheon Interior
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The Dome

The Pantheon is a remarkable building because of its size, construction, and design. The dome is the most remarkable part, with an internal diameter of 43.44 meters. Generally, this was built as a temple to all the gods and has been a shrine for many famous people throughout history.

pantheon Dome
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The Portico

Generally, this is one of the most iconic, instantly recognizable buildings in Rome and one of the greatest architecture of all time. However, The Pantheon’s basic design is simple and powerful. A portico with free-standing columns is attached to a domed rotunda. In between, to help support the massive dome is a ring of Corinthian columns. The Pantheon’s large circular domed cella, with a conventional temple portico front, was unique in Roman architecture. Nevertheless, it became a template for many future churches and cathedrals.

At the front of the Pantheon, sixteen, monolithic columns form the monument’s well-known portico. The shafts (cylindrical part of the column) are made of granite from Egypt, while the capitals (the topmost section) and entablature (lintel) are constructed from marble imported from Carrara in Tuscany.

The Portico
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Finally, The Pantheon is one of the most well-preserved ancient buildings in Rome. Moreover, its importance lies in its architectural wonder, its preserved state, and its role in Ancient Roman religious life. Eventually, The Pantheon is a true testament to the genius and skill of the Roman people.

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